Shoulder surgery is an important part of routine orthopedics and traumatology practice. Open or closed (arthroscopic) instability and rotator cuff surgery are the most commonly used surgical techniques in shoulder surgery. The very first record of shoulder injuries (dislocation) and their treatment were found in ancient Egypt hieroglyphs at 3000 B.C. It is clearly seen that instability surgery was done and developed prior to rotator cuff surgery when the history of shoulder surgery has been analyzed. These processes began with anatomical studies in late 19th century and continued with open surgery procedures in early 20th century. In the 1970s, especially studies by Watanebe et al. on knee arthroscopy affected shoulder surgery evolution too and by time arthroscopic surgery became a more commonly used methods than open procedures in shoulder surgery.