TOTBİD Dergisi

TOTBİD Dergisi

2022, Cilt 21, Sayı, 3     (Sayfalar: 249-252)

Pre-earthquake readiness and what to do during an earthquake

Eşref Selçuk 1, Murat Erem 2

1 Lüleburgaz Devlet Hastanesi, Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Kliniği, Kırklare
2 Trakya Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Ana Bilim Dalı, Edirne

DOI: 10.5578/totbid.dergisi.2022.33
Görüntüleme: 160
İndirme : 93

Earthquake is a natural event for unknown time, severity and destructive consequences. Taking necessary precautions against this event ensures overcoming the loss of life and property that may occur afterward with the least damage. Planning is the most important step in pre-earthquake preparation. An earthquake can occur at home, at school, at work, at the shopping mall, while driving, or while sleeping. So, earthquake scenarios and preparations should be made for each environment. Planning and preparations should start in the family which is the smallest part of society and home, and gradually reach national and international dimensions. Preparation and planning begin with fixing furniture and wall hangings at home. At the next stage, it is necessary to determine how to act during the earthquake and the exit plan for each individual at home. It is possible to generalize these steps for all institutions in daily life. After the plans are made, educational studies should be carried out periodically in the family, institutions and society. Emergency bags, emergency containers should be prepared. Emergency communication lines and plans should be made. In order to raise awareness, programs and informative advertisements should be constantly published in the press and broadcasting organs. When it comes to the inspection stage, housing construction and urbanization processes should be strictly controlled. Modern and earthquake resistant buildings should be constructed. Damaged and flimsy buildings should be strengthened or demolished. During an earthquake, movements should be enough to pass to a safe area with a few steps. You should go under a solid table or near the furniture drop, cover and hold on until the shaking passes. If you are outside, you should stay away from power lines, overpasses, trees and the seaside. With a good planning and preparation before the earthquake, even very high-severity earthquakes can be overcome without loss of life.

Anahtar Kelimeler : earthquakes; natural disasters; safety