Articular cartilage, which is a specialized connective tissue, is basically a structure formed to facilitate movement. It can be injured by impacts and incorrect loads, and it has a limited healing potential due to its low blood supply. Depending on the size and location of the cartilage injury, it can be treated with conservative or surgical approaches. In addition, post-operative rehabilitation is an important part of the treatment. The rehabilitation process should proceed with a multidisciplinary approach, taking into account the patient`s pre- and post-operative condition, expectations, compliance with the treatment and the surgical procedure applied. Surgeon and physiotherapist must be in communication regarding post-operative restrictions. Determining the progress criteria in rehabilitation and providing the related progression will provide better results. Transition between phases and returning to sports/activity should not be rushed. The treatment should be designed holistically and different modalities should be used together. The importance of exercise should not be forgotten and its parameters should be determined according to the rehabilitation phases and customized according to the patient`s condition. In line with the literature review we conducted in our study, a review was made about the rehabilitation process after cartilage surgery in the lower extremity and the rehabilitation phases were explained in general terms. But, studies are insufficient and new studies are needed.