Missed fractures are described as the fractures which fail to be diagnosed during the baseline examination, yet are noticed during subsequent visits, rehabilitation or after discharge. This kind of undesirable events may be experienced at almost all trauma centers. The reasons for missed fractures and dislocations includes insufficient medical history taking, undetailed physical examination, not to order proper radiography, not to locate pathology on radiography or misinterpretation by treating physician. For the evaluation of anatomical locations of missed fractures, it should be kept in mind that some type of fractures may be missed. This kind of problems may be prevented when the treating physician is alert and follows a systematic pathway during evaluation. In this review, the most candidate for missed fractures and dislocations will be introduced explaining what should be done to minimize these errors.