Cerebral palsy is a term that includes a group of conditions that affect people`s ability to move and is the most common physical disability in childhood. Cerebral palsy is usually caused by events that cause damage to the developing brains of babies before, during or after birth. No single cause of cerebral palsy is known. For many children, the cause of cerebral palsy is unclear, but many risk factors are known. The biggest risk factor is premature birth. Other risk factors in the neonatal period include prolonged lack of oxygen during delivery; brain injury; stroke or seizures; heart, blood vessels, airways and lung pathologies; prolonged mechanical ventilation, some infections, hyperbilirubinemia, and some syndromes or chromosomal abnormalities. Since there are different risk factors and causes for cerebral palsy, different interventions are needed to prevent cerebral palsy by reducing risk factors. This review summarizes the evidence for the prevention of cerebral palsy presented in the literature on interventions in the neonatal period.