Cerebral palsy patients constitute an important place in orthopedics and traumatology, especially in the field of pediatric orthopedics, with a long-lasting follow-up period in the outpatient clinic for many years due to need for rehabilitation after surgical intervention and prospective surgical procedures. In this respect, they can be considered as pivotal examples of a long-term patient-physician relationship. Medicolegal problems related to cerebral palsy cases requiring a multidisciplinary approach may be due to complications of obstetrics and gynecology during delivery as well as orthopedics and traumatology as a result of or after deformity correction surgeries. In our article, cases of cerebral palsy were examined in high court decisions and cases with the potential to set an example are included. The strong communication between the physician, the patient and the patient`s relatives can be considered as a factor in the fact that the conflicts with orthopedics and traumatology surgeons are not very frequent.