Brucellosis, which is an endemic zoonosis for our country, is an infectious disease that we encounter quite frequently and delays in diagnosis and treatment are frequently experienced. As a result of delay in diagnosis, the disease becomes more complicated and treatment is difficult. Musculoskeletal system is one of the most commonly affected systems of brucellosis. This disease is an endemic infection in our country, which can be quite insidious and should be considered in every patient in orthopedic practice. In this review, we reviewed the literature on osteoarticular findings of brucellosis to help physicians and orthopedic surgeons achieve better clinical management for patients with brucellosis.