Recurrent shoulder dislocations are severe limitations affecting the young adult population creates a major health problem. Although treatment of first dislocation is still controversial, implementation of surgery is an accepted approach to recurrent dislocations. However, the correct orientation of the treatment is possible with the selection of the right components and the recognition methods associated with them. Recurrent dislocations may be inevitable as a result of inadequate diagnosis and treatment. This review summarizes the current diagnostic and therapeutic approach to the recurrent shoulder dislocations, and aims to shed light on the circumstances that lead to treatment failure.