The patella is a sesamoid bone in the extensor mechanism between the quadriceps tendon and the patellar tendon. It functions as a lever for knee extension, augmenting the force of the quadriceps muscle. Fractures of the patella account for approximately 0.5% to 1.5% of all skeletal fractures. Fractures of the patella may result from either direct or indirect traumas. The treatment of patella fractures depends on the type of fracture, the size of the fragments, the integrity of the extensor mechanism and the congruity of the articular surface. Modified tension band wiring is the most commonly used surgical treatment for patella fractures and can be used for almost every type of fracture. Independent of the treatment modality, early rehabilitation is recommended for all type of patella fractures. In this article, types of patella fractures in adults were discussed and available treatment modalities were summarized.