TOTBİD Dergisi

TOTBİD Dergisi

2019, Cilt 18, Sayı, 2     (Sayfalar: 114-127)

Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolus

Soner Özcan 1, Elcil Kaya Biçer 2, Emin Taşkıran 2

1 Oltu Devlet Hastanesi, Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Kliniği, Erzurum
2 Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi, Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Anabilim Dalı, İzmir

DOI: 10.14292/totbid.dergisi.2019.14
Görüntüleme: 313
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İndirme : 427

Venous thrombosis is a general term for thrombus formed within a vein. It includes a conditions ranging from asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis to fatal pulmonary embolus. Venous thrombosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after total knee arthroplasty. Prevention of pulmonary embolus is reasonable when the limitations of treatment options considered. The ideal prophylaxis regimen should be not to cause complications related to bleeding while preventing the development of symptomatic venous thrombosis. American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) have developed guidelines to assist clinicians to decide appropriate prophylactic regimen. As of today, many different methods are preferred for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism; a consensus has not been reached regarding to the optimal compression device, the most efficacious pharmacologic agent, and ideal duration of treatment.

Anahtar Kelimeler : knee arthroplasty; deep venous thrombosis; pulmonary embolus; complication