Skeletal traction is an effective and historical method that still maintains its validity in orthopedic practice. Nowadays it is frequently applied to control pain and edema in the preoperative period, especially in the lower extremity due to strong muscle pulling. As a conservative treatment method, it is used especially in acetabulum fractures which are not planned for operation. The most preferred regions are: distal femur, proximal tibia, and calcaneus. Being an interventional procedure and anesthesia (general and/or local) may be seen as disadvantages, but if applied correctly it is more advantageous both for the patient and the surgeon.