Traumatic fractures of the thoracolumbar spine are common. They may be associated with disruption of the ligamentous complexes, and can result in instability or compression of neural structures temporarily or permanently. So, spine trauma can be a devastating, life-altering injury that can have major debilitating, long-term effects. In order to prevent unwanted long term effects, determination of spinal instability and neurological status are important issues for spine surgeons. For this reason, imaging of the spine plays an important role in the initial evaluation.